Twins appear in the mythologies of many cultures around the world. In some they are seen as ominous and in others they are seen as fortuitous. Twins in mythology are often cast as two halves of the same whole, sharing a bond deeper than that of ordinary siblings, or otherwise shown as fierce rivals.
Twins can represents some “other” aspect of the Self, a doppelgänger or a shadow. Often the twin is the “evil twin”, or one may be human and one semi-divine. The twin may be a brother, or a soul-mate, such as the “civilized” Gilgamesh and the “wild” Enkidu.Twins can also be shown as having special powers and deep bonds.
In an aboriginal tale, the same constellation represents the twin lizards who created the plants and animals and saved women from evil spirits. To the Dogon of Mali in West Africa, twinship represents completeness and perfection, symbolized by the deity Nummo. Nummo is actually a set of twins, male and female, and because the creation of the world required a sacrifice, humans can only be one half of the whole, male or female.
In many Native American stories, twins are often partners on adventures such as quests.
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